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By Jeri Maier, Deryl D. Danner Sr. & Jack Ellis
   

BOOMER TIME-LINE FOR APRIL

    April 1: In 1945, an assault by 50,000 U.S. troops led by General Buckner on the Japanese-held island of Okinawa heralded the beginning of the last major battle of the Pacific. It ended on July 2 with 7,000 U.S. and 100,000 Japanese dead. In 1948, the blockade of Berlin started when the Russians began checking all road and rail traffic between Berlin and the Western Zones. In 1960, Tiros I, the world's first meteorological satellite which transmitted cloud cover pictures, was launched from the United States. In 1973, in Britain, Value Added Tax became operative. In 1975, Cambodian President Lon Nol, leader of the U.S.-backed government, fled to Indonesia as Khmer Rouge guerrillas closed in on the capital Phnom Penh. April 2: In 1956, two very successful daytime TV dramas premiered. "The Edge of Night" and "As the World Turns" were seen for the first time on CBS. In 1984, John Thompson became the first black coach to lead his team to the NCAA college basketball championship when his Georgetown Hoyas defeated Houston 84-75. In 1985, the NCAA Rules Committee adopted the 45-second shot clock for men's basketball beginning in the 1986 season. It was an effort to thwart stalling at the end of games. April 3: In 1941, the British evacuated Benghazi in the face of the Ger- man advance in World War II. In 1948, U.S. President Truman signed the Marshall plan into effect, allocating $6 billion in overseas economic aid. In 1949, Transjordan signed an armistice with Joseph Stalin Gen- eral Secretary of the Communist Party. In 1982, the U.N. Security Council voted 10-1 in favor of Resolution 502 demanding withdrawal of Argentine forces from the Falkland Islands. April 4: In 1850, the city of Los Angeles was incorporated. In 1862, the Battle of Yorktown began. In 1887, Susanna Medora Salter was elected the first U.S. woman mayor, in Argonia, Kansas. In 1905, an earthquake in Kangra India, killed 370,000 people. In 1932, Vitamin C was first isolated in Pittsburgh. In 1945, Hungary was liberated from Nazi occupation. In 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) treaty was signed. In 1968, the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was fatally shot in Memphis, Tennessee. In 1969, Dr. Denton Cooley implanted the first temporary artifi- cial heart. In 1974, Hank Aaron hit his 714th home run, tying Babe Ruth's record. In 1986, Wayne Gretzky set an NHL record with 213th point of season. In 1990, securities law violator Ivan Boesky was released from federal custody. April 5: In 1949, Space Shuttle Challenger engineer Dr. Judith Resnik was born. She died in the Challenger explosion on January 28, 1986. In 1986, a bomb exploded in La Bell, a popular discotheque in West Berlin, killing two American soldiers and a Turkish woman. In 1987, the Fox television program "Married with Children" premiered. April 6: In 1943, the British and U.S. armies linked up in Africa during World War II. In 1958, Arnold Palmer, who later became one of the best golfers in history, won his first major golf tournament, The Masters. April 7: In 1934, in India, Mahatma Gandhi suspended his campaign of civil disobedience. In 1939, Italian troops began their invasion of Albania. In 1943, the drug LSD was first produced at Sandoz Laboratorie in Basel, Switzerland, by Albert Hofman. In 1943, Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini met for an Axis con- ference in Salzburg. In 1945, U.S. navy aircraft sank Japan's largest battleship, the Yamato. In 1948, the constitution of the World Health Organization came into force. In 1953, Dag Hammarskjold of Sweden was elected Secretary General of the United Nations by 57 votes to one. In 1956, a declaration signed by Morocco and Spain recognized the independence of Morocco. In 1963, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was estab- lished with Marshall Tito as its president for life. In 1970, a U.S. federal court confirmed it had closed the inves- tigation of Sen. Edward Kennedy over the car crash in which Mary Jo Kopechne died at Chappaquiddick in 1969. In 1972, Sheikh Abeid Karume, Tanzanian vice president and ruler of Zanzibar, was assassinated. In 1976, after unprecedented riots in Peking, Deng Xiaoping was removed as a deputy prime minister and Hua Guofeng was promoted to full premier. In 1980, U.S. President Jimmy Carter broke off diplomatic rela- tions with Iran and ordered out all Iranian embassy staff because of the detention of U.S. embassy hostages in Tehran. In 1981, voters approved a new constitution in the Philippines, giving President Marcos sweeping powers. April 8: In 1939, one day after invading Albania, Italian troops took the capital Tirana and King Zog fled to Greece. In 1946, the League of Nations began its final session in Geneva after being replaced by the United Nations. In 1953, in Kenya, Jomo Kenyatta was convicted of involvement with the Mau Mau insurrection and was sentenced with five others to seven years hard labor. In 1977, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin admitted he violated the country's currency laws; he later resigned. In 1985, Australian media magnate Rupert Murdoch bought 50 per- cent of the Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation. In 1986, film actor Clint Eastwood was elected mayor of Carmel, California. In 1990, King Birendra of Nepal lifted a 30-year ban on political parties. April 9: In 1940, Germany launched its invasion of Denmark and Norway in World War II. In 1942, after four months of siege, U.S. and Filipino forces on the Bataan Peninsula in the Philippines surrendered to the Japanese. In 1945, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologian and anti-Nazi was executed in Flossenburg concentration camp. He was arrested in 1943 for his involvement in a plot to assassinate Hitler. In 1960, South African Prime Minister Dr. Hendrik Verwoerd was wounded in assassination attempt. In 1963, Winston Churchill was proclaimed an honorary U.S. cit- izen at the White House. In 1969, the supersonic aircraft Concorde made its maiden flight, from Bristol to Fairford in England. In 1970, Paul McCartney sought a High Court writ to wind up the Beatles' business partnership, effectively ending the group's career. In 1974, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh signed an accord on the return of prisoners of war. In 1977, the Spanish Communist Party was legalized after a 38-year ban. In 1981, in Northern Ireland, IRA hunger striker Bobby Sands won a seat in the British parliament in the Fermanagh and South Tyrone by-election. In 1990, the Hungarian Democratic Forum swept to power in elec- tions, after 40 years of communism. In 1991, Georgia declared its independence from the Soviet Union. In 1995, Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori won re-election with a first-round victory. In 1996, former U.S. Rep. Dan Rostenkowski, D-Illinois, once one of America's most powerful lawmakers, pleaded guilty to two crim- inal charges in a deal with prosecutors that called for a 17-month prison term. SOURCES: CNN Archive Judy Goldsmith's Timeline Bill Murrey's Timeline History Channel Web Site Life Magazine CD, Compton Encyclophedia Dick Goodwin's web page.
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