By Jeri Maier, Deryl D. Danner Sr. & Jack Ellis
BOOMER TIME-LINE FOR APRIL
In 1945, an assault by 50,000 U.S. troops led by General Buckner
on the Japanese-held island of Okinawa heralded the beginning of
the last major battle of the Pacific. It ended on July 2 with
7,000 U.S. and 100,000 Japanese dead.
In 1948, the blockade of Berlin started when the Russians began
checking all road and rail traffic between Berlin and the Western
In 1960, Tiros I, the world's first meteorological satellite
which transmitted cloud cover pictures, was launched from the
In 1973, in Britain, Value Added Tax became operative.
In 1975, Cambodian President Lon Nol, leader of the U.S.-backed
government, fled to Indonesia as Khmer Rouge guerrillas closed
in on the capital Phnom Penh.
In 1956, two very successful daytime TV dramas premiered. "The
Edge of Night" and "As the World Turns" were seen for the first
time on CBS.
In 1984, John Thompson became the first black coach to lead his
team to the NCAA college basketball championship when his
Georgetown Hoyas defeated Houston 84-75.
In 1985, the NCAA Rules Committee adopted the 45-second shot
clock for men's basketball beginning in the 1986 season. It was
an effort to thwart stalling at the end of games.
In 1941, the British evacuated Benghazi in the face of the Ger-
man advance in World War II.
In 1948, U.S. President Truman signed the Marshall plan into
effect, allocating $6 billion in overseas economic aid.
In 1949, Transjordan signed an armistice with Joseph Stalin Gen-
eral Secretary of the Communist Party.
In 1982, the U.N. Security Council voted 10-1 in favor of
Resolution 502 demanding withdrawal of Argentine forces from the
In 1850, the city of Los Angeles was incorporated.
In 1862, the Battle of Yorktown began.
In 1887, Susanna Medora Salter was elected the first U.S. woman
mayor, in Argonia, Kansas.
In 1905, an earthquake in Kangra India, killed 370,000 people.
In 1932, Vitamin C was first isolated in Pittsburgh.
In 1945, Hungary was liberated from Nazi occupation.
In 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) treaty
In 1968, the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was fatally shot
in Memphis, Tennessee.
In 1969, Dr. Denton Cooley implanted the first temporary artifi-
In 1974, Hank Aaron hit his 714th home run, tying Babe Ruth's
In 1986, Wayne Gretzky set an NHL record with 213th point of
In 1990, securities law violator Ivan Boesky was released from
In 1949, Space Shuttle Challenger engineer Dr. Judith Resnik was
born. She died in the Challenger explosion on January 28, 1986.
In 1986, a bomb exploded in La Bell, a popular discotheque in
West Berlin, killing two American soldiers and a Turkish woman.
In 1987, the Fox television program "Married with Children"
In 1943, the British and U.S. armies linked up in Africa during
World War II.
In 1958, Arnold Palmer, who later became one of the best golfers
in history, won his first major golf tournament, The Masters.
In 1934, in India, Mahatma Gandhi suspended his campaign of civil
In 1939, Italian troops began their invasion of Albania.
In 1943, the drug LSD was first produced at Sandoz Laboratorie in
Basel, Switzerland, by Albert Hofman.
In 1943, Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini met for an Axis con-
ference in Salzburg.
In 1945, U.S. navy aircraft sank Japan's largest battleship, the
In 1948, the constitution of the World Health Organization came
In 1953, Dag Hammarskjold of Sweden was elected Secretary
General of the United Nations by 57 votes to one.
In 1956, a declaration signed by Morocco and Spain recognized the
independence of Morocco.
In 1963, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was estab-
lished with Marshall Tito as its president for life.
In 1970, a U.S. federal court confirmed it had closed the inves-
tigation of Sen. Edward Kennedy over the car crash in which Mary
Jo Kopechne died at Chappaquiddick in 1969.
In 1972, Sheikh Abeid Karume, Tanzanian vice president and ruler
of Zanzibar, was assassinated.
In 1976, after unprecedented riots in Peking, Deng Xiaoping was
removed as a deputy prime minister and Hua Guofeng was promoted
to full premier.
In 1980, U.S. President Jimmy Carter broke off diplomatic rela-
tions with Iran and ordered out all Iranian embassy staff because
of the detention of U.S. embassy hostages in Tehran.
In 1981, voters approved a new constitution in the Philippines,
giving President Marcos sweeping powers.
In 1939, one day after invading Albania, Italian troops took the
capital Tirana and King Zog fled to Greece.
In 1946, the League of Nations began its final session in Geneva
after being replaced by the United Nations.
In 1953, in Kenya, Jomo Kenyatta was convicted of involvement
with the Mau Mau insurrection and was sentenced with five others
to seven years hard labor.
In 1977, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin admitted he
violated the country's currency laws; he later resigned.
In 1985, Australian media magnate Rupert Murdoch bought 50 per-
cent of the Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation.
In 1986, film actor Clint Eastwood was elected mayor of Carmel,
In 1990, King Birendra of Nepal lifted a 30-year ban on political
In 1940, Germany launched its invasion of Denmark and Norway in
World War II.
In 1942, after four months of siege, U.S. and Filipino forces on
the Bataan Peninsula in the Philippines surrendered to the
In 1945, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologian and anti-Nazi was
executed in Flossenburg concentration camp. He was arrested in
1943 for his involvement in a plot to assassinate Hitler.
In 1960, South African Prime Minister Dr. Hendrik Verwoerd was
wounded in assassination attempt.
In 1963, Winston Churchill was proclaimed an honorary U.S. cit-
izen at the White House.
In 1969, the supersonic aircraft Concorde made its maiden flight,
from Bristol to Fairford in England.
In 1970, Paul McCartney sought a High Court writ to wind up the
Beatles' business partnership, effectively ending the group's
In 1974, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh signed an accord on the
return of prisoners of war.
In 1977, the Spanish Communist Party was legalized after a
In 1981, in Northern Ireland, IRA hunger striker Bobby Sands won
a seat in the British parliament in the Fermanagh and South
In 1990, the Hungarian Democratic Forum swept to power in elec-
tions, after 40 years of communism.
In 1991, Georgia declared its independence from the Soviet Union.
In 1995, Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori won re-election with
a first-round victory.
In 1996, former U.S. Rep. Dan Rostenkowski, D-Illinois, once one
of America's most powerful lawmakers, pleaded guilty to two crim-
inal charges in a deal with prosecutors that called for a
17-month prison term.
Judy Goldsmith's Timeline
Bill Murrey's Timeline
History Channel Web Site
Life Magazine CD,
Dick Goodwin's web page.
Welcome to Boomers International.