BOOMER TIME-LINE FOR JULY
Jul 1 New York establishes the New York State Commission Against Discrimination
to prevent discrimination in employment because of race, creed or natural
origin; it is the first such agency in the United States.
Jul 16 On July 16, 1945, the world's first atomic bomb is secretly detonated in
the desert near Los Alamos, New Mexico.
Jul 4 The Philippines becomes independent of U-S sovereignity
Jul 5 On July 5, 1946, French designer Louis Reyar parades a model down a Paris
runway in a daring two-piece swimsuit. The impact of the event is quickly felt
in California, were dozens of women model the suit for willing cameras.
Uncertain of what to name it, Reyar spontaneously dubbs it "bikini," inspired
by news-making U.S. nuclear tests off the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.
Jul 7 Pope Pius the 12th canonizes Mother Francis Xavier Cabrini, the first American
to become a saint in the Catholic church.
Jul 9 In a ceremony held at the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, General Dwight D.
Eisenhower appoints Florence A. Blanchfield lieutenant colonel in the U.S.
Army, making her the first woman in U.S. history to hold permanent military rank.
Jul 7 The police drama "Dragnet," starring Jack Webb and Barton Yarborough, premiers
on N-B-C radio.
Jul 13 The Vatican threatens exmmunication against supporters of anti-Christian or
materialistic elements of communism.
Jul 3 American and North Korean forces clash for the first time in the Korean War.
Jul 5 Near Sojong, South Korea, Private Kenneth Shadrick, a nineteen-year-old
infantryman from Skin Fork, West Virginia, becomes the first American reported
killed in the Korean War.
Jul 8 The day after the U.N. Security Council recommends that all U.N. forces in Korea
be placed under the command of the United States military, General Douglas MacArthur,
the hero of the Pacific War, is appointed head of the United Nations Command by
President Harry S. Truman.
Jul 2 CBS-TV's first commerical color broadcast attracts 16 advertisers.
Jul 16 The novel "Catcher In The Rye" by J.D. Salinger is frst published.
Jul 20 King Abdullah of Jordan is assassinated by a Palestinian extremist
while entering a mosque in the Arab sector of east Jerusalem, which was under
Jul 23 In Egypt, the Society of Free Officers led by General Muhammad Naguib
seizes control of the government in a military coup d'etat.
Jul 3 Food rationing ends in Britain after more than 14 years.
Jul 20 Two-and-a-half months after the French defeat at Dien Bien Phu in northern Vietnam,
France agrees to recognize Vietnamese sovereignty at the Geneva Conference, bringing the
first Indochina War to a close.
Jul 2 The "Lawrence Welk Show" premiers on ABC-TV
Jul 17 Disneyland, Walt Disney's amusement metropolis of sugar-coated history,
fantasy, and futurism opens
Jul 19 The first U-S rocket with an atomic warhead is test-fired over the Nevada
Jul 29 U-S President Eisenhower signs the National Aeronautics and Space Act,
which creats NASA.
Jul 17 In Tanzania, a skull estimated to be 1.75-million years old is uncovered
by Mary Leakey.
Jul 4 The 50-star American flag is officially flown for the first time.
Jul 13 In Los Angeles, California, Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts is
nominated for the presidency by the Democratic Party Convention, defeating Senator
Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas.
Jul 2 American author Ernest Hemingway, plagued by ill health, committs suicide.
Jul 11 The Telstar communications satellite p icks up broadcast signals from
France and bouncs them down to an antenna in Maine on July 11, 1962, thus
delivering the first live television picture from Europe to America.
Jul 2 In a nationally televised White House ceremony, U.S. President Lyndon B.
Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law.
Jul 26 U-S Teamsters union president Jimmy Hoffa and six others are convicted
of fraud and conspiracy in the handling of a union pension fund.
Jul 3 "Trigger," the famous horse of cowboy movie star Roy Rogers, dies at age 33.
Jul 5 Arthur Ashe defeats Jimmy Connors to become the first black man to win the
Wimbledon men's singles title.
Jul 15 The unmanned spacecraft Mariner 4 passes over Mars at an altitude of 6,000
feet, and sends back to earth the first close-up images of the planet.
Jul 6 Five weeks after the breakaway state of Biafra declares its independence from
Nigeria, civil war breaks out between Biafran and Nigerian government forces.
Jul 23 The worst race riot in a summer fraught with racial violence breaks out in
the overcrowded and predominantly African-American 12th Street neighborhood of
Jul 29 the Pope Paul the Sixth issues an encyclical called "Of Human Life," which
condemns artificial birth control.
Jul 16 At 9:32 a.m. EDT, Apollo 11, the first U.S. lunar landing mission, is launched
from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on a historic journey to the surface of the moon.
Jul 18 Secretary Mary Jo Kopechne is killed when a car driven by Senator Ted Kennedy
plunges off a bridge on Chappaquiddick Island, off Cape Cod.
Jul 20 On July 20, 1969, at 10:56 p.m. EDT, American astronaut Neil Armstrong, nearly
240,000 miles from earth, speaks these words to millions listening at home: "That's one
small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."
Jul 24 At 12:51 EDT, Apollo 11, the U.S. spacecraft that had taken the first astronauts
to the surface of the moon, safely returns to earth.
Jul 3 On July 3, 1971, gamma surgery, a revolutionary bloodless method of destroying
tumors and cancers, is performed in Sweden. X-rays determin the exact position
of the tumor while a model of the brain shows the area to be destroyed.
Jul 3 The Doors lead singer Jim Morrison dies in Paris at the age of 27.
Jul 6 On July 6, 1971, Louis Armstrong dies at the age of seventy.
Jul 31 Astronauts David Scott and James Irwin took man's first motorized tour of the Moon.
Jul 24 Near the climax of the Watergate affair, the U.S. Supreme Court orders President
Richard M. Nixon to turn over subpoenaed recordings of official White House conversations
to special prosecutor Leon Jaworski.
Jul 17 As part of a mission aimed at developing space rescue capability, the U.S. spacecraft
Apollo 18 and the Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 19 rendezvous and dock in space.
Jul 30 Former US Teamsters union president Jimmy Hoffa disappeares as he is trying
to recapture control of the union he once headed.
Jul 2 North and South Vietnam are officially united after 20 years of war.
Jul 6 In Annapolis, Maryland, the United States Naval Academy admitts women for the
first time in its history with the induction of eighty-one female midshipmen.
Jul 7 For the first time in history, women are enrolled into the United States Military
Academy at West Point, New York.
Jul 20 On the seventh anniversary of the Apollo 11 lunar landing, the Viking 1 lander,
an unmanned U.S. planetary probe, becomes the first spacecraft to successfully land on
the surface of Mars.
Jul 25 The world's first test-tube baby, Louise Brown, is born in Lancashire, England.
Jul 7 Bjorn Borg becomes the first man to win four consecutive Wimbledon singles titles
when he defeats Roscoe Tanner.
Jul 11 Parts of Skylab, America's first space station, come crashing down on Australia
and into the Indian Ocean five years after the last manned Skylab mission ended.
Jul 27 The deposed Shah of Iran dies at a military hospital near Cairo at the age of 60.
Jul 7 President Ronald Reagan nominates Sandra Day O'Connor, an Arizona court of
appeals judge, to the U.S. Supreme Court.
Jul 29 Prince Charles marries Lady Diana Spencer in London's St. Paul's Cathedral .
Jul 4 The space shuttle "Columbia" concludes its fourth and final test flight with a
smooth landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California.
Jul 7 11-year-old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, leaves for a visit to the Soviet
Union at the personal invitation of Soviet leader Yuri Andropov.
Jul 21 In the first known death of a human caused by a robot, a factory worker in
Jackson, Michigan is crushed against a safety bar.
Jul 28 The Los Angeles Summer Olympics opened, minus 15 countries who stay
away in a Soviet-led withdrawal.
Jul 8 At age 17, Boris Becker becomes the youngest player and the first German to win a
Wimbledon men's singles title.
Jul 19 "Friday Nite Videos" on N-B-C becomes the first regularly-scheduled stereo T-V program.
Jul 4 Eva Gabor, the actress best known for playing a farmbound socialite on t-v's "Green
Acres," dies at age 74.
BOOMER TIME-LINE FOR JULY