In 1950, Chiang Kai-shek resumed the presidency of the
Nationalist Chinese government.
In 1954, the United States announced it had conducted a
hydrogen bomb test on the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.
In 1966, the Soviet spacecraft Venus III landed on Venus. It
was the first spacecraft to land on another planet.
In 1992, King Fahd of Saudi Arabia unveiled major political
reforms, ceding some powers after 10 years of disciplined rule.
In 1994, Israel released about 500 Arab prisoners in the hope
it would placate Palestinian outrage over the Hebron massacre
In 1943, the Battle of the Bismark Sea began. Twelve Japanese
ships carrying reinforcements to New Guinea were sunk by
Allied planes, killing nearly 4,000.
In 1946, Ho Chi Minh was elected president of North Vietnam.
In 1956, Morocco's independence was recognized by France.
In 1958, Dr. Vivian Fuchs completed the first crossing of
Antarctica by land.
In 1962, in Burma, the army led by Ne Win seized power in a
coup, ousting U Nu. On this day in 1974 military rule ended,
a new constitution took effect and Ne Win became president.
In 1972, U.S. spacecraft Pioneer 10 was launched. It passed
close by Jupiter and Neptune before leaving the solar system.
It is now more than 6 billion miles from Earth.
In 1931, the Star-Spangled Banner was adopted as the American
In 1963, a new constitution was approved in Senegal.
In 1969, the three-man Apollo 9 spacecraft was launched from
Cape Kennedy. The main aim of its 10-day flight was to test
the lunar module in Earth's orbit.
In 1976, Mozambique closed its border with Rhodesia and put its
country on a war footing, after raids by Rhodesia on rebel bases.
In 1975, actor Charlie Chaplin was knighted at Buckingham
In 1946, in a speech at Fulton, Missouri, Winston Churchill said:
"From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an Iron
Curtain has descended across the continent."
In 1970, the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty came into force
with 45 countries, including the three main nuclear powers,
having signed the agreement.
In 1944, U.S. bombers began daytime attacks on Berlin from
bases in Britain.
In 1945, tanks and infantry of the U.S. First Army drove into
In 1953, Georgy Malenkov succeeded Stalin as premier and first
secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.
In 1957, Ghana became independent within the Commonwealth.
In 1964, King Constantine II of Greece succeeded to the throne
after the death of his father, Paul I.
In 1967, Svetlana Alliluyeva, Stalin's daughter, requested asy-
lum at the U.S. embassy in New Delhi.
In 1942, Rangoon fell to the Japanese after being evacuated by
In 1948, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that religious instruction
in public schools violated the constitution.
In 1950, the Soviet Union claimed to be in possession of the
In 1945, 300 U.S. B-29 bombers pounded Tokyo.
In 1948, Jan Masaryk, Czech statesman and foreign minister,
threw himself from a window at the foreign office in Prague in
an apparent suicide.
In 1952, the government of Cuba was overthrown by former Presi-
dent Fulgencio Batista, who ruled until 1959.
In 1969, James Earl Ray was sentenced in Memphis, Tennessee,
to 99 years in prison for the murder of Martin Luther King in
In 1941, Congress passed the Lend-Lease Bill, which enabled
Britain to borrow money to buy additional food and arms during
World War II.
In 1960, Pioneer V was launched from Florida into orbit around
In 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev became head of the Soviet Union
following the death of Konstantin Chernenko. At 54, he was the
youngest member of the ruling Politburo.
In 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt broadcast the first of
his weekly radio addresses to the nation. He called them
In 1951, the comic strip "Dennis the Menace" appeared in print
for the first time.
In 1955, alto saxophonist Charlie Parker died. Known as the
father of bebop-style jazz, Parker also served as a composer
1974, the television action-fantasy "Wonder Woman" premiered.
1986, Susan Butcher won the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race.
Vaslav Nijinsky (1890-1950), ballet dancer;
Jack Kerouac (1922-1969), writer;
Edward Albee (1928-), playwright, 72;
Andrew Young (1932-), U.S. politician, 68;
Al Jarreau (1940-), singer, 60;
Liza Minnelli (1946-), singer-actress, 54;
James Taylor (1948-), singer-songwriter, 52.
In 1945, the heaviest bomb of World War II, the 22,000 pound
"Grand Slam," was dropped by the RAF's Dambuster Squadron in
Germany on the Bielefeld railway viaduct.
In 1964, Jack Ruby was found guilty of the murder of Lee Harvey
Oswald, alleged assassin of President John F. Kennedy.
In 1975, Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate, died. In
1968 he had married Jacqueline Kennedy, widow of U.S. president
John F Kennedy.
In 1979, Pope John Paul II published his first encyclical,
"Redemptor Hominis," in which he warned of the growing gap
between rich and poor.
In 1942, during World War Two, the U-S government began
evacuating Japanese-Americans from their West Coast homes to
In 1956, Pakistan became an independent republic within the
In 1965, America's first two-person space flight began as Gemini
Three blasted off from Cape Kennedy with astronauts Virgil I.
Grissom and John W. Young aboard.
In 1983, President Reagan first proposed development of tech-
nology to intercept enemy missiles -- a proposal that came to
be known as the Strategic Defense Initiative, as well as "Star
In 1983, Dr. Barney Clark, recipient of a permanent artificial
heart, died at the University of Utah Medical Center after 112
days with the device.
In 1939, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain accused Adolf
Hitler of breaking his word, after German troops crossed the Czech
In 1944, Allied bombing on Austria began with a raid by over 200
planes on targets in Vienna.
In 1949, the text of the North Atlantic Treaty was published for
the first time.
In 1962, the war in Algeria ended when agreements were signed
with the French leading to Algeria's independence.
In 1965, Soviet cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov made the first space-
In 1934, the first practical tests of radar were carried out at
Kiel Harbor, Germany, by Dr. Rudolph Kuenhold.
In 1948, Eugene Ormandy conducted the Philadelphia Symphony
Orchestra on CBS-TV in the first symphony concert to be
televised in the United States.
In 1956, the full independence of Tunisia was granted under a
protocol signed with France.
In 1974, an attempt was made to kidnap Britain's Princess Anne
in The Mall, London.
In 1976, U.S. newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst, after an
eight-week trial, was found guilty of a 1974 armed robbery.
In 1935, the first High Definition Television service was
officially inaugurated by the director-general of German broad-
casting in Berlin.
In 1944, Germany announced its occupation of Hungary and the
formation of a new government under Dome Sztojay.
In 1945, the Arab League was formed in Cairo by Egypt, Iraq,
Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria.
In 1946, Britain recognized the independence of the protectorate
In 1956, under its new constitution Pakistan became an Islamic
Republic, with Maj-Gen Iskander Mirza as first provisional
In 1966, the Archbishop of Canterbury met the pope in Rome, the
first meeting between the heads of the Anglican and Roman
Catholic churches for 400 years.
In 1944, the greatest mass escape of WWII occurs at Stalag Luft
III when 76 allied airmen tunneled out. Only 3 made it home.
In 1949, Walter Huston and son John became first father-and-son
team to win Oscars as actor and director of "Treasure of Sierra
In 1958, rock 'n' roll singer Elvis Presley was inducted into
the Army in Memphis, Tennessee.
In 1974, North Carolina State beat Marquette to win the NCAA
In 1953, a resident of Ten Rillington Place, London, discovered
a body In a cupboard. It led to the arrest of mass murderer John
In 1965, the U.S. spacecraft Ranger 9 crash-landed on the moon.
Some of the 5,000 pictures it sent back were broadcast live on
TV for the first time.
In 1976, President Isabel Peron of Argentina was deposed in a
bloodless military coup; Gen. Jorge Videla was named as president.
In 1978, the oil tanker Amoco Cadiz, aground in the English Channel
since March 16, split in two, spilling the last of its 1.6 million
barrels of oil.
In 1945, in World War II, the Battle of Iwo Jima ended. During
the battle, about 22,000 Japanese troops were killed or captured
and more than 4,500 U.S. troops died.
In 1971, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared East Pakistan the
independent republic of Bangladesh.
In 1973, President Anwar Sadat of Egypt took over the premiership,
saying "the stage of total confrontation (with Israel) has become
In 1973, women were allowed on to the floor of the London Stock
Exchange for the first time.
In 1979, in a ceremony at the White House, President Anwar Sadat
of Egypt and Prime Minister Menachem Begin of Israel signed a
peace treaty ending 30 years of war between the two countries.
In 1941, Prince Paul of Yugoslavia was deposed in a coup d'etat
following his pact with Adolf Hitler.
In 1945, Germany launched its last V2 rocket from the Hague in
the Netherlands, crashing in Orpington, southeast of London.
In 1945, Argentina declared war on Germany and Japan.
In 1968, Yuri Gagarin, the first man in space in 1961, was
killed in a plane crash near Moscow.
In 1972, Tom Batiuk launched his comic strip "Funky Winkerbean."
In 1977, the world's worst aircraft disaster occurred when two
Boeing 747s, owned by KLM and Pan-Am, collided and burst into
flames on the runway at Tenerife in the Canary Islands; 583
In 1980, 147 people died when the Alexander Kielland, a floating
platform for off-duty oil workers, capsized in the Norwegian sec-
tor of the North Sea.
In 1941, British author and critic Virgina Woolf committed sui-
In 1941, in World War II, the Italian navy was defeated in the
Battle of Cape Matapan.
In 1942, the drydock at St Nazaire in France was destroyed in a
combined raid by the British navy, army and airforce.
In 1959, 11 days after an uprising began in Tibet, China
dissolved the country's government and installed an autonomous
authority under the Panchen Lama.
In 1967, U.N. Secretary General U Thant made public proposals for
bringing about peace in Vietnam; President Lyndon Johnson
In 1969, extensive anti-Soviet demonstrations were held in Prague.
In 1969, Dwight D. Eisenhower, U.S. Army commander, Republican
statesman and president from 1953-1961, died. He was
commander-in-chief of the allied armies during World War II.
In 1970, 1,100 people were killed and 3,000 were injured when an
earthquake struck the town of Gediz in western Anatolia, Turkey,
nearly destroying the town and surrounding villages.
In 1973, Marlon Brando rejected his Oscar for "The Godfather,"
sending Indian actress Sacheen Littlefeather to the Academy
Awards platform to describe the plight of American Indians.
In 1932, comedian Jack Benny, appeared on radio for the first time.
In 1951, "The King and I" opened in New York City, starring Yul
In 1955, Theodore Bikel make his TV acting debut with an
appearance in "Sandal at Peppernut" on the "U.S. Steel
Hour" on ABC-TV.
In 1962, Jack Paar left his highly successful late night TV talk
one who would ultimately win the coveted position of host of
"The Tonight Show." He was Johnny Carson.
In 1967, the first nationwide strike in the 30-year history of
the American Federation of Television and Radio Artists (AFTRA)
began this day, lasting for 13 days.
In 1973, "Hommy", the Puerto Rican version of the rock opera
"Tommy", opened in New York City. The production was staged at
In 1985, after 21 years of jokes at their expense, The Porkettes
changed their name to The National Pork Council Women.
In 1987, Hulk Hogan took 11 minutes, 43 seconds to pin Andre the
Giant before 93,136 "Wrestlemania III" fans at the Silverdome in
Pontiac, MI. The event was the biggest indoor sports
/entertainment promotion ever; 2.5 million people watched
on pay-per-view TV, as well.
In 1945, the Baltic Sea port of Danzig (Gdansk) was captured by
In 1966, Lebanese Prime Minister Rashid Karami resigned
because of protests that he was the only member of the
government in parliament.
In 1967, the Greek government resigned after it found itself
unable to pass an agreed electoral law.
In 1972, the Northern Ireland (Temporary Provisions) Act came
into force decreeing direct rule from London. Brian Faulkner,
prime minister of Northern Ireland, resigned.
In 1979, Airey Neave, opposition Conservative spokesman on
Northern Ireland, died when a bomb exploded in his car in the
House of Commons car park.
In 1979, in a two-day referendum, the people of Iran voted
overwhelmingly in favor of establishing an Islamic Republic.
In 1981, President Ronald Reagan was shot in the chest by
would-be assassin John Hinckley.
In 1987, "Sunflowers" by Vincent van Gogh was sold at
auction in London for $39.7 million.
In 1939, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain undertook
to defend Poland in an Anglo-French alliance if attacked.
In 1949, Newfoundland joined the Canadian Federation as the
In 1954, the Soviet Union offered to join NATO.
In 1959, the Dalai Lama, fleeing Chinese repression of an uprising
in Tibet, arrived at the Indian border and was granted political
In 1968, U.S. President Lyndon Baines Johnson announced he
would not stand for re-election.
In 1970, Lesotho's prime minister, Leabua Jonathan, announced
that King Moshoeshoe II was leaving the country indefinitely and
Queen Mamohato would act as Regent.
In 1971, U.S. Lt. William Calley was sentenced to life imprison-
ment (later reduced to 20 years) for the killings of Vietnamese
civilians at My Lai in March 1968.
In 1979, the military relationship between Britain and Malta
ended after 181 years with the departure of the destroyer HMS
London from Valetta Harbor.
Judy Goldsmith's Timeline
Bill Murrey's Timeline
History Channel Web Site
Life Magazine CD,
Dick Goodwin's web page.
Internet Research - Jeri
Welcome to Boomers International.
BOOMER TIME-LINE FOR MARCH
Editor: Deryl D. Danner Sr.
Research By: Jeri Maier