Senior Citizens
in the World

Unprecedented pace of graying is become
a social problem in many industrialized countries.

Percentage of Population over 65 in the world
CountryPopulationPopulation over 65Population over 65
after 15-30 years
('95 research)
at home 16,400,000
(independent 14,450,000)
(need care 2,000,000j
hospital 700,000
nursing home 370,000

one out of four
in 2025
('90 research)
in 2030
('2000 Census Bureau)
in 2030
('93 research)
8,700,0001,500,000(18%)25% in 2020
Great Britain
('90 research)
57,561,0009,210,000(16%)19% in 2010
('93 research)
17,760,0002,050,000(12%)14% in 2010
('90 research)
15,450,000over 55
in 2010

  • USA 
    Many American senior citizens live in affluence both economically and spiritually, and have an independent lifestyle. They don't simply retire to a rocking chair. Many lead active lives and are involved in practcing personal hobbies and volunteering. They often find a second lease on life through retirement communities and organizations for the aged.

    Companion System: Seniors helping seniors. Offer 20 hrs help a week. Annual income is about $2,500. It is low, but working helps them to continue to lead productive lives.

    Day Service: This is a popular system. So there are rapid increases in each town. The cost is high. About $25`$50 per day. There are long lines to get the service for low income earners.

    Assisted Living: Senior citizens can get heartfelt and low cost care without entering a home. This improves their quality of life. The demand for this system will increase. There is a bright future in this business. It costs about $1,000`$3,000 per month (Medicaid is going to be applicable.)

    The choices of Living for Senior Citizens: Living alone, Living with a family, Nursing Home (cost is expensive), Retirement Community, Life-care Facility, Rest Home, Hospis, Continuing Care Facility.

    From Baby Boomers to Seniors Boom

    From Baby Boomers to Seniors Boom
    MS Words document.


    The fundamental principle of advanced welfare states such as Sweden is to help senior citizens to be able to live in their own home as long as possible. when care is needed, one may seek support from the government as a natural right. The guideline is decided by the State and the service is supplied by the local government. The government takes responsibility for senior care. There are only a few private facilities.

    All service including Medical care is covered by tax revenues. Basic medical care for senior citizens is provided by Public Health Center, which takes the place of the family doctor. Volunteers only do fund rising activities and do not take part in the actual care.

    Care is done within a community which helps support their independent life style. The very last step is to enter a hospital or facility. New homes have not been built since 1980.


    The local government buys the service of private sector or nonprofit organizations. The private business market has expanded. As for the nuclear family, one out of three senior citizens lives alone. 40% of senior citizen's standard of living is low and they depend on their pension and welfare. The local government provides good service. the senior care service is being transferred from the state level to local governments.

    Seltered Housing: Assembled house which is designed so that senior citizens can live easier.

    Residential Home (Nursing Home): The quality is inproving. There are rapid increases in private business operations.

    Day Care Center: There is an ambulance pick-up service for persons who have difficulty in walking.

    Community Nurse: Nursing service.


    Senior power had risen in revolt, influenced policics and markets and achieved many legal rights. Senior citizens in this country live under the best conditions in Europe.

    The balance of the government and citizen, the amount of taxes paid in proportion to welfare benefits received are good. One can make ends meet by only having a house. The supporting systems in the community are well organized. (Christian Organizations and others) . 92% of senior citizens are living independently.

    A wonderful topic in Holland:
    14,000 senior citizens objecting to a reduction in the government pension had a protest rally in '94, saying DO NOT TOUCH OUR PENSION! At that time, many young people supported their demonstration with banners saying "Young People Against the Powers Support the Seniors who are Against the Government Policy". After the demonstration, the importance and economic effect of senior groups drew attention and influenced national politics.


    To prepare for entry into a society of the aged, the government is moving forwared with senior-care reform; reducing the number of seniors entering, and emphasizing care at home. The grass roots movement is old, and the positive volunteer activity of men and women, young and old, is supporting the real service for senior-citizens. A whole community; individual, group, enterprise (example: dispatch two employees for two hours, etc.) supports the service.

    Self-care apartment: Popular. There is a bowling alley, indoor swimming pool, billiards, and a library in a retirement village. In case of purchasing, it costs about 7 million yen. It costs about 600,000 yen when you enter, and 9,000 yen per month (1/4 of the market price) for rent.

    Hostel: Take a meal in the dining hall. There is service like laundry.

    Nursing home: At first the government tried to solve the senior nursing care problem by increasing the number of beds in nursing homes and hostels. The government found that by analyzing the entrance assessment it could eliminate waste by letting seniors who would have been put in a nursing home enter the hostels. Further, it became clear that fewer hostels would be needed than originally forcast. The saved budget was allotted to the support for nursing care at home.

    Reference Data
    JETRO-EWorld Now 1, "Senior Citizens in the World Now"
    Published by: Japan Export Treade Organization

    US Census 2000

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